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Oracle row_number() over()解析函数高效实现分页

来源:互联网 日期:2014-02-26 16:00
 
create table T_NEWS
(
ID NUMBER,
N_TYPE VARCHAR2(20),
N_TITLE VARCHAR2(30),
N_COUNT NUMBER
)

prompt Disabling triggers for T_NEWS...
alter table T_NEWS disable all triggers;
prompt Loading T_NEWS...
insert into T_NEWS (ID, N_TYPE, N_TITLE, N_COUNT)
values (1, 'IT', '爱it1', 100);
insert into T_NEWS (ID, N_TYPE, N_TITLE, N_COUNT)
values (2, '体育', '爱体育1', 10);
insert into T_NEWS (ID, N_TYPE, N_TITLE, N_COUNT)
values (3, '体育', '爱体育2', 30);
insert into T_NEWS (ID, N_TYPE, N_TITLE, N_COUNT)
values (4, 'IT', '爱it2', 300);
insert into T_NEWS (ID, N_TYPE, N_TITLE, N_COUNT)
values (5, 'IT', '爱it3', 200);
insert into T_NEWS (ID, N_TYPE, N_TITLE, N_COUNT)
values (6, '体育', '爱体育3', 20);
insert into T_NEWS (ID, N_TYPE, N_TITLE, N_COUNT)
values (7, '体育', '爱体育4', 60);
commit;


第一步:我先用rownum

--分页 row_number,不是rownum
--根据n_count从大到小排列,每页3条
SELECT ROWNUM r,t.* FROM t_news t
WHERE ROWNUM<=3
ORDER BY t.n_count DESC
--问题:为什么order by以后,行号是乱的?
SELECT ROWNUM r,t.* FROM t_news t
--原因:先分配了行号,再根据n_count排序

--所以必须排序,再生成行号
SELECT ROWNUM r,t.* FROM (
SELECT t.* FROM t_news t ORDER BY t.n_count DESC ) t

--分页
--err
SELECT ROWNUM r,t.* FROM (
SELECT t.* FROM t_news t ORDER BY t.n_count DESC ) t
WHERE r between 1 AND 3

--第1页
SELECT ROWNUM r,t.* FROM (
SELECT t.* FROM t_news t ORDER BY t.n_count DESC ) t
WHERE ROWNUM between 1 AND 3

--第2页
SELECT ROWNUM r,t.* FROM (
SELECT t.* FROM t_news t ORDER BY t.n_count DESC ) t
WHERE ROWNUM between 4 AND 6
--error: ROWNUM必须从1开始!
SELECT k.* FROM (
SELECT ROWNUM r,t.* FROM (
SELECT t.* FROM t_news t ORDER BY t.n_count DESC ) t
) k
WHERE r BETWEEN 4 AND 6

--麻烦,效率低!


*****第二步:我用row_number() over()函数
select t2.* from
(select t.*,row_number()over(order by t.n_count desc) orderNumber from t_news t order by t.n_count desc)t2 where orderNumber between 1and 3;


*****************************************************************************************************************************************88
SELECT * FROM (
SELECT t.*,row_number() over(ORDER BY n_count DESC) r
FROM t_news t
ORDER BY t.n_count DESC
) t
WHERE r BETWEEN 4 AND 6

--通用语法: 解析函数() over(partition by 字段 order by 字段)

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